Alopecia areata is a type of skin condition that causes hair to fall out in a coin-sized pattern. The disease develops when a person’s immunity system attacks the hair follicles in the body resulting in hair loss. Alopecia areata seldom results in alopecia universalis (hair loss from the entire body). However, it may result in alopecia totalis (hair loss from the whole scalp). If and when the hair regrows, there are chances that it might fall off again. The cycle of hair loss and hair regrowth differs from individual to individual.

Although alopecia areata doesn’t cause any physical pain, it can be a massive blow to the psychology of the person affected. The condition doesn’t have a timeframe and can occur at any time without any warning. One can often mistake it as androgenic alopecia which is also called as male pattern baldness. However, in alopecia areata, the immunity system is the problem. The treatment must focus on correcting the autoimmune dysfunction.

An affected person can take courses of conventional medications and ointments to help the hair regrow, but most of them have side effects and develop temporary hair growth. There are natural hair loss prevention techniques that can help boost the immune system, and minimise the inflammation.

Here are some natural ways to prevent alopecia areata.

  • Healthy Diet and Dietary Supplements: A healthy diet is a key to maintaining a healthy scalp and a balanced life in general. It also helps our bodies to revitalise and rejuvenate internally providing energy. Dietary supplements can also help maintain your diet. This is because having a balanced diet could be a problem for people who are not able to stick to a specific menu of foods to eat. Many diets are focussed on the idea of assortment instead of being developmental. Our diets can often be incomplete in proper nutrition, and this is where supplements come into play. Taking nutritional diets such as whole grains, vegetables, and fruits, and dietary supplements improve immunity and tackle alopecia areata.
  • Physical Activity: Exercising releases certain chemicals such as endorphins (also known as the “happy hormones”) making you feel good and active at the same time. Besides keeping you fit and healthy, physical activity also helps in relieving emotional and mental stress, and aid good circulation of blood to the scalp, which provides a sufficient amount of nutrients to the hair follicles. With a healthy mind and an active lifestyle, one can tackle alopecia areata effectively.
  • De-stress: To treat hair loss and treat alopecia areata, you must give your body the time and patience it requires to heal from the trauma caused by the disease. This will allow your body to rejuvenate and help in hair regrowth. To reduce stress, one can undertake some practices such as meditation, yoga or spending more time with family and friends. Dealing with the emotional effect that comes with hair loss can be stressful. Hence, connecting with support groups can also be of great help.
  • Essential Oils: Essential oils such as rosemary and lavender can heal and protect the skin from further damage. Applying these oils topically has shown effective results for many patients. The oils act as compelling antioxidants that help reduce inflammation and promote cellular metabolism.

In some cases, there might be a relapse of alopecia areata. But in some, it heals completely and never comes back. Since it is a very unpredictable disease, an individual needs to devise their own set of therapies and treatments and discover what works best for them.