People interested in how to sell diamonds NYC are sure to appreciate interesting facts about diamonds. Not only have these precious gems been appreciated around the world and throughout history, but they have served many purposes as well. In this article, we will discuss some of the more fascinating facts about diamonds.
Associations with Royalty
Among the Crown Jewels of England are 2 stones that were cut from the famous Cullian diamond, the largest diamond ever mined. It weighed a total of 3,106.75 carats when it was extracted from the ground, and it was used to create 105 separate diamonds. The principal diamond, called the Star of Africa, is mounted on the monarch’s Scepter with Cross, and the second greatest Cullian diamond rests in the Imperial State Crown. Another 8 Cullian diamonds reside in Queen Elizabeth II’s private collection.
Another well-known diamond, the Wittelsbach Blue, was owned by the royal Bavarian house of Wittelsbach, when it suddenly disappeared in 1931. This diamond was one of the most sizeable blue diamonds ever mined, at 31.06 carats, and its grade was labeled as a Fancy Deep blue with IF clarity. The diamond resurfaced when it was sold to a buyer in 1951, and then again in 1961, and lastly in 1964.
Origins and Properties
Diamonds are the most durable substance on planet earth, and they are formed from material that is between one and three billion years old. Highly organized carbon deposits, when buried 90-120 miles beneath the earth’s surface and subjected to temperatures ranging between 1652-2372ºF sometimes become diamonds. Natural forces then push them toward the surface in mines or in shallow river beds, and this can include geological movement and volcanic activity.
Diamonds are not indestructible; they can be burned. If exposed to temperatures between 1290-1650ºF, a diamond can burn, and it is possible for a house fire to become that hot. Also, diamonds can come in many colors, although certain hues are exceedingly rare. Yellow and brown stones are recovered much more frequently than are diamonds of a blue, red, orange, or green tone.
Diamonds in History
Diamonds are known to have been valued and collected for thousands of years and in various civilizations. They were used in India as early as the 4th century B.C. for trading and to engrave other types of jewels. In Roman Culture, in the first century A.D., Pliny is reported to have said that of all things in the world, a diamond was the most valuable of all.
The standard of weight for measuring diamonds, the carat, was derived from the Greek word, keration, that was used to denote the seed of a carob tree. In 1913, this unit became standardized and is equal to .2 grams. 30% of diamonds mined today are of gem quality, and the United States is the largest market in the world, including those who sell diamonds NYC.